Ephesus, an ancient Greek city near the southwest city of İzmir, is a popular and historic landmark to visit in Türkiye.
The city was built in the 10th century BC and to this day only 15% of it has been excavated. It contains the largest collection of Roman ruins in the eastern Mediterranean. The city was famous in its days for Temple of Artemis (around 550 BC) which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World with monumental buildings like Library of Celsus that was built to store 12,000 scrolls and ancient theatre capable of holding 24,000 spectators. The theater is still used during the Selçuk Ephesus Festival of Culture and Art.
In 2015, the ruins were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Ephesus is also an important city for Christianity. Paul the Apostle lived in Ephesus, Gospel of John might have been written in here, the city was one of the seven cities that mentioned in the Book of Revelation and you may visit House of Virgin Mary who spent her last years of her life in there. Also Epheus is believed to be the city of the Seven Sleepers.